New Testament

New Testament
The twenty-seven books comprising the second part of the Christian Bible, not arranged in the chronological order of writing but roughly according to subject matter: first, the narratives about Jesus, followed by the response to him in the life of the primitive Church (the Acts of the Apostles); then the letters of Paul, of which seven are generally thought to be from his own hand; letters by other early Christians; and finally the Revelation to John. This last is sometimes called the Apocalypse [[➝ apocalypse]], and is a Christian vision of the future hope, couched in the form of an address to seven Churches in Asia Minor. The name ‘New Testament’ is an alternative translation of ‘New Covenant[[➝ covenant]], which looks back to the prophecy of Jeremiah (31:31–4) of a new relationship between God and people. As the title for a collection of writings the name can be traced to the end of the 2nd cent., and was standard usage by the 4th cent. But the precise contents of the NT took time to be established: there were doubts about 2 Peter (a very late writing), 2 and 3 John, Jude, and Rev. The last two books were also regarded by Martin Luther in the 16th cent. CE and his followers as lacking the authority of the rest, and Luther also gave less value to Hebrews and James. The present list of twenty-seven was set out by Athanasius in Alexandria (367 CE). See canon.
All the NT writings are in Hellenistic (koine) Greek. The divisions into chapters date only from the 13th cent., and into verses from the Greek NT of Stephanus in 1551, adopted for the English translation of William Whittingham (1557).

Dictionary of the Bible.

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  • New Testament — • Jesus Christ uses the words new testament as meaning the alliance established by Himself between God and the world, and this is called new as opposed to that of which Moses was the mediator Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. New… …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • NEW TESTAMENT — (Gr. ὴ καινὴ διαθήκη), the Christian Holy Scriptures (other than the Hebrew Bible and the Apocrypha). Content The New Testament (NT) is the usual name for a collection of 27 ancient Greek books concerning Jesus of Nazareth and his   earliest… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • New testament — New New (n[=u]), a. [Compar. {Newer} (n[=u] [ e]r); superl. {Newest}.] [OE. OE. newe, AS. niwe, neowe; akin to D. nieuw, OS. niwi, OHG. niuwi, G. neu, Icel. n[=y]r, Dan. & Sw. ny, Goth. niujis, Lith. naujas, Russ. novuii, Ir. nua, nuadh, Gael.… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • New Testament — n the New Testament the part of the Bible which describes the life of Jesus Christ and what he taught, and the life of the first Christians →↑Gospel, Old Testament ↑Old Testament …   Dictionary of contemporary English

  • New Testament — ► NOUN ▪ the second part of the Christian Bible, recording the life and teachings of Christ and his earliest followers …   English terms dictionary

  • New Testament — n. 1. Christian Theol. the promises of God to man that are embodied in the life and teachings of Jesus 2. the part of the Christian Bible that tells of the life and teachings of Jesus and his followers, including the four Gospels, the Acts of the …   English World dictionary

  • New Testament — This article is about part of the Christian Bible. For the theological concept, see New Covenant. Books of the New Testament …   Wikipedia

  • New Testament — 1. the collection of the books of the Bible that were produced by the early Christian church, comprising the Gospels, Acts of the Apostles, the Epistles, and the Revelation of St. John the Divine. See table under Bible. 2. the covenant between… …   Universalium

  • New Testament — noun the collection of books of the Gospels, Acts of the Apostles, the Pauline and other epistles, and Revelation; composed soon after Christ s death; the second half of the Christian Bible (Freq. 2) • Members of this Topic: ↑parable, ↑Ascension …   Useful english dictionary

  • New Testament — noun the New Testament the part of the Bible which includes the four Gospels describing the life of Jesus Christ and what he taught compare Old Testament …   Longman dictionary of contemporary English

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